Reflections……………………………………………………………Sand Traps

When playing golf, my worst nightmare is getting into a sand trap. Invariably, my instincts take over and fear prevails. Many of my golfing buddies tell me to have patience, that  I act too quickly.   It was one of these ‘good’ sand trip golfers who reminded me  to consider the trap an ‘opportunity.’ What a novel idea, akin to: ‘by the time this is over you will have taken advantage of a perfectly good crisis.”
Recently I wrote to a group of e-mail friends and asked for their comments and feelings concerning the coronavirus. Their replies were enlightening as many discussed the frustrations surrounding their everyday life. I surmised from their general attitude they had acquired the essentials such as milk and toilet paper, however, the one essential giving them the most difficulty was ‘patience’.  Could it be the virus is creating sand traps in our game of life?
One of the observable behaviors in our Christian lives is the lack of spiritual goals. We have goals in other spheres—-career goals, vacation goals, weight loss goals—which we pursue with ongoing action. I hasten to add I am very aware that in some Christian circles formulating spiritual goals is considered taboo.
Have you heard anyone discuss their spiritual goals during this crisis? It is somewhat odd that many people do not have concrete goals in spiritual improvement. They go ‘with the flow’ and make comments, “God is going to take care of me.” Or they answer, “I go to church every Sunday.”
We Christians have an endless capacity for improving—“-I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me.”

Maybe we  should we  go back to the  previous comment: ‘by the time this is over we will have taken advantage of a perfectly good crisis’.
In golf you Identify the sand traps and learn the basic procedures to get out of them or to stay out of them. In life the sand traps are the areas where you need to improve your daily behaviors and spiritual foundation and establish goals to avoid them.
Sand traps tend to occur in the same predictable spots every day.  So be smart and target these places in your behavioral analysis and “be conformed to the image of Christ”.
Look at the sand traps that are giving you difficulty and develop a Christ-like approach. You will discover to your surprise how good obedience feels—that instantaneous lightening and strengthening that accompanies putting the flesh to death.

Reflections…………………………………………..School Make-Up

Gary Coker Ph.D

The Coronavirus has caused schools to close throughout the United States.  As things begin to return to normalcy, the question is: “How should students make-up the time missed as a result of the virus”? Obviously even with the best schooling at home, there is likely to be some loss of learning.
Research is conclusive— students learn less with online classes than similar peers in traditional face-to-face school learning.
This makes sense, because learning is a social activity. The evidence shows positive effects are stronger where technology is a supplement for teaching, rather than a significant replacement. Technology is a tool for learning and should not replace the teacher.
Special students or disadvantaged students will be hardest hit. Children from poorer households or households that do not embrace the learning process in an organized manner or where parents do not give adequate help when problems arise are at a tremendous disadvantage.
Before the school closures, children who were struggling academically were  placed at risk. Asking these students to work independently through large parts of the curriculum on line can create stress. Many of these students function below their grade level and when the process requires them to regulate their own learning pace a formula for disaster is created.
I hasten to add this is not an argument against on-line learning. Digital learning offers much potential for schools and students. Computer-aided tutoring shows positive results when used to support learning.
It cannot be considered academic equivalency to shift teaching online to large populations during a pandemic and expect equal results as to the teacher in the classroom.
So, what should school systems do when they re-open to help students bounce back.

When school re-opens students are likely to be behind. Some will be far behind. Many students will have a lot to catch up on to move up a grade in 2021. Local schools have several options. Getting students to repeat a year should not be one of them.
Acquisition of pre-requisite skills necessary for advancement to the next grade or level is a priority. Without these skills a domino effect can occur with social promotions and a student losing interest in school and simultaneously adopting a negative self-image.
So called catch-up programs offer the school system the opportunity to access the academic level of students relative to their grade level and provide intensive instruction in small groups before and after the normal school day. These sessions should be targeted at the most disadvantaged and struggling students in groups of two to five students. Positive results have been noted for co-operative learning with students who are advanced leading small groups.
Another option is intensive face-to-face academic programs delivered over a few weeks. This should be similar to what we once called ‘summer school.’ These programs have a strong academic focus and target struggling students.
The school calendar could be adjusted to incorporate the month of June as make-up time. Research indicates intense programs during the summer can help students gain two months of extra learning compared to similar students who do not take advantage of the ‘summer school’ learning. The impact of this type of approach is greater when academically focused and delivered intensively with small groups by experienced teachers.
No doubt schools and teachers will do their best to continue student learning while schools are closed. Through this process we will also learn a lot about how to implement on-line learning for large populations and improve along the way.